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Greek Deities

Acheloüs
names:
Greek name: Acheloüs (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Acheloüs: Greek river God
Acheloüs’ relations:
Eldest son of Oceanus and Tethys.
Acheloüs’ myths
Acheloüs, in the form of a bull, fought Heracles for Deianira and lost. Heracles broke off one of Acheloüs’ horns, which became the Cornucopia, or “horn of plenty”.

Aphrodite
names:
Greek names: Aphrodite, Cytherea (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
Roman name: Venus (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Aphrodite: Greek Goddess of love and beauty.
Aphrodite’s relations:
One of the Twelve Great Olympians
Considered by the Greeks to be the same Goddess as the Roman Venus.
magickal information:
candle colors: red and pink
other information:
Aphrodite — Patroness of natural growth. Draped in the close-fitting chitton and long robe, she holds to her breast a dove or fruit or flower, all symbols of mating and fecundity. Aphrodite corresponds with Laxmi. This reproduction from the Museum of Lyon is an archaic Ionian image of the Goddess of Love which long preexisted her more eroticized depictions at the hands of Roman or Renaissance masters.
holy days
Friday: Aphrodite is associated with Friday.
April: Aphrodite is associated with April.

Apollo
names:
Greek name: Apollo (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Apollo: Greek God of the sun. Associated by the Greeks with the ancient Egyptian Heru.
Greek God of the sun, fertility, prophecy and oracles, light, healing, music, and poetry.
Apollo’s relations:
Twin brother of Artemis.
Son of Zeus and Leto.
One of the Twelve Great Olympians
Considered by the Greeks to be the same God as the Kemetic (ancient Egyptian) Horus.
magickal information:
candle colors: gold and white
other information:
Apollo’s myths
Abaris: A priest of Apollo, who, with the help of the God, fled from Scythia to Greece to avoid the plague. Apollo gave Abaris a golden arrow which made the priest invisible, and with which he cured diseases and performed oracles (prophesies and answers to questions).
The Greeks believed that Heru and Apollo were the same God.
holy days
Sunday: Apollo is associated with Sunday.

Aries
names:
Greek name: Aries (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
Roman name: Mars (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Aries: Greek God of war and violence.
Aries’ relations:
Considered by the Romans to be the same God as the Roman Mars.
magickal information:
candle color: white

Artemis
Summary:
Artemis: is the Greek goddess of the moon and the hunt. She is also one of the virgin goddesses, and She protects women in labor, small children and wild animals.
names:
Greek name: Artemis (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
Etruscan name: Artumes (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Artemis: is the Greek goddess of the moon and the hunt. She is also one of the virgin goddesses, and She protects women in labor, small children and wild animals. As a virgin goddess, She, Hestia, and Athena are not affected by Aphrodite’s (Greek goddess of love) manipulations. Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto (sometimes called “Letona”) as well as the twin sister of Apollo. — lauraandromeda
As a major lunar Goddess, Artemis is very popular among modern witches.— lauraandromeda
Artemis’ relations:
Twin sister of Apollo.
Daughter of Zeus and Leto.
associations:
Artemis is associated with the ancient Egyptian goddess Bast, as well as the Roman goddess Diana. Artemis is also associated with Luna, Hecate, and Selene.
Derived in part and influenced by early worship of Ariadne, High Fruitful Mother Goddess of Crete.
magickal information:
candle colors: silver and white
other information:
sacred animals:
Animals sacred to Artemis are:
• deer/stags
• geese
• wild dogs
• fish
• goats
• bees
• bears
• laurel trees
• fir trees
Keep in mind that since Artemis is the protectress of animals, all animals can be considered sacred to her.
silver:
Artemis may be thought of as the “silver goddess.” She wore silver sandals, rode a silver chariot in the silver moonlight, and kills with silver arrows shot from a silver bow. In fact, many dying women, as well as women in childbirth, went to Artemis to ask for a quick, painless death from Her silver arrows.— lauraandromeda
Artemis — The Huntress. — The Amazonian moon-goddess, she was worshipped at Ephesus as Dea Anna, her entire torso covered with nurturing breasts. Here she is pictured running and in the act of drawing arrow from quiver, her doe companion at her side. Artemis’ bow is symbolic of both the crescent moon as well as of inner self-esteem, of an exquisitely-tuned inner tension. Like Kuan-Yin, she is the deity of wild places, groves and ponds. In Scythian myth she was related to the horned stag god Acteon (Kernunnos). She is the archetype of decisiveness.
Artemis’ myths
Actaeon: A legendary Greek hunter, son of Aristaeus and Autonoë (who was the daughter of Cadmus). Artemis turned Actaeon into a stag and he was chased down, torn to pieces, and killed by his own hunting dogs. According to one myth, She did this because Actaeon saw Her naked while she was bathing in a stream near Orchomenus. Artemis, as a virgin goddess, was so pure that She allowed no man to see her (this is illustrated here — OUTSIDE LINK — PICTURE). In another myth, She did this because Actaeon boasted he was a better hunter than even Artemis Herself.
Callisto: The daughter of Lycaon, was a follower of Artemis. One day, however, Zeus seduced Callisto, and Callisto became pregnant with His child. As Artemis requires the same chastity of Her followers that she maintains herself, she punished Callisto by changing her into a bear. Zeus then prevented Callisto from being hunted to death by setting her image in the stars. Callisto’s child, Arcus, was saved.
The Greeks believed that Bast and Artemis were the same Goddess.
holy days
Monday: Artemis is associated with Monday.
Festival of Diana: Roman holy day. The Festival of Diana in Rome honored Diana. The Greeks and Romans considered Artemis and Diana to be the same Goddess. Celebrated on March 21
April: Artemis is associated with April.
Sagittarius Festival: Greek holy day. Sagittarius Festival, dedicated to Artemis/Diana, whom the Greeks considered to be the same Goddess as Bast.

Astraea
names:
Greek name: Astraea (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Astraea: Greek Goddess of innocence and purity.
According to the Greeks, Astraea left Earth and became the constellation Virgo the Virgin.
Astraea’s relations:
Daughter of Themis.
magickal information:
candle color: white

Athena
names:
Greek name: Athena (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Athena: Greek Goddess of spiritual quests
Athena was derived in large part from the Kemetic (ancient Egyptian) Goddess Neith (notice that the two names share the same sounds in a different order).
magickal information:
candle colors: purple and white
Athena — Mentor of Spiritual Quests. This image by Pheidias, 30 feet tall, was enshrined in the Parthenon of her holy city, where she was worshipped as the giver of civilization and wisdom. Her patriarchal overlay as daughter of Zeus belies more ancient North African roots as an-Ath, Mistress of All the Gods. In this neolithic form she wore a goat skin aegis (apron) decorated with phallic serpents. Virgin Athena inherited these powers, incorporated in Gorgon Medusa (the Libyan Amazon serpent goddess) whose face embosses her shield. Athena’s attributes are self-confidence, courage, strength, intelligence, judiciousness, and fairness. — JBL Statues
holy days
June: Athena is associated with June.
July: Athena is associated with July.

Demeter
names:
Greek name: Demeter (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
Roman name: Ceres (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Demeter: Greek Goddess of grain
Demeter’s relations:
Demeter’s daughter is Persephone.
Considered by the Greeks to be the same Goddess as the Roman Ceres.
magickal information:
candle colors: green and orange
Demeter — Goddess of Grain. Perhaps the most human goddess, Demeter represents the powerful bond between mother and daughter. She was worshipped in Greece as early as 1500 BCE. Stolen by Hades, Persephone was mown down and torn from her mother exactly as the sheaf in grain goddess Demeter’s hand is reaped from the bosom of Mother Earth. The highest mystical’truths regarding time, suffering,and spiritual regeneration were embodied in Demeter’s mystery religion, which was widely influential on the Roman Empire. Much of this symbolism was subsumed by Christianity.
holy days
Wednesday: Demeter is associated with Wednesday.
Saturday: Demeter is associated with Saturday.
June: Demeter is associated with June.
July: Demeter is associated with July.
October: Demeter is associated with October.
November: Demeter is associated with November.

Dionysus
names:
Greek name: Dionysos (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
Roman name: Bacchus (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Dionysos: Greek God of wine and barley
Dionysus’ relations:
Considered by the Greeks to be the same God as the Roman Bacchus.
Dionysos — He was the orgiastic deity of bacchanalia, the religious wine festivals held throughout the empire. Satyr plays portraying the regenerative powers of Dionysos/Bacchus gave rise to Greek drama. His phallic staff (thyrsus) crowned by a pine cone represents the human faculties of wisdom and inspiration. His mount Scorpio was the zodiacal sign ascendant during the time of harvest equinox and probably symbolizes Osiris, the original god of barley brewing and ecstatic intoxication. Standing Bacchus, from the Vatican Museum, carries grape clusters in his panther skin cloak.
holy days
Lenaia of Dionysus: Greek holy day. Celebrated on January 3rd.

Helios
names:
Greek name: Helios (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
Roman name: Sol (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Helios: Greek God of the sun.
Helios’ relations:
Considered by the Romans to be the same God as the Roman Sol.
magickal information:
candle colors: gold
holy days
Sunday: Helios is associated with Sunday.

Hermes
names:
Greek names: Hermes, Hermes Trismegistus (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
Roman name: Mercury (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Hermes: Greek God of boundaries, roads, commerce, science, invention, eloquence, luck, cunning, medicine, and healing. Patron of thieves and gamblers. Messenger of Zeus. Shown wearing a winged cap and winged shoes and carrying a caduceus.
Hermes’ relations:
Considered by the Greeks to be the same God as the Roman Mercury.
Considered by the Greeks to be the same God as the Kemetic (ancient Egyptian) Djehuti [Thoth].
holy days
Wednesay: Hermes is associated with Wednesday.

Persephone
names:
Greek name: Persephone (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Persephone: Greek Goddess of spring
Persephone’s relations:
Persephone’s mother is Demeter.
magickal information:
candle colors: black

Persephone — An archetype of healing. Like our own wounded inner child, Persephone, had been abducted into the dark Hades of her unconscious patterns and process. She was lovingly searched for and assisted by Demeter, her mentoring mother. Their annual reunion, depicted here, was celebrated by the Greeks as the Rite of Spring. Illumined by the torch of insight, Persephone has returned to the upper world; Demeter blesses her with a sheaf of grain symbolizing nurture and renewal. This image offers a powerful metaphor for the psychotherapeutic process.
holy days
June: Persephone is associated with June.
July: Persephone is associated with July.
September: Persephone Kore is associated with September.

Rhea
names:
Greek name: Rhea (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
Roman name: Cybele (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Rhea: Greek Mother Earth Goddess
Rhea’s relations:
Considered by the Greeks to be the same Goddess as the Roman Cybele.
other information:
Rhea — Mother Earth. From Pre-classic Greece to early Christian times she represented Gaia, the deified earth, and inherited many attributes of the ancient Sumerian goddess Inanna.
Rhea’s myths
After Cronus had castrated Uranus, he and Rhea, his wife, took the throne; a time when there was peace and no violence. But Cronus heard that one of his sons would end up overruling him, so he decided to swallow all of his children. Rhea was worried; she didn’t want her children swallowed, so, for the 6th child, she gave her husband a rock to swallow in place of the baby, Zeus. She sent Zeus to Crete, and, in a cave on Mount Dicte, the divine goat Amaltheia raised the baby. Zeus was able to defeat Cronus, and Rhea had all of her other five children out of Cronus: Demeter, Hades, Hera, Hestia, and Poseidon.
Here is sumthin to add to yur Rhea site. Rhea’s mother, Gaea gave Cronus a powerful Medicine that made him throw up all the kids he swallowed.
Also, Cronus was Rhea’s brother. So Rhea’s husband was her brother. yuck!
holy days
Saturday: Rhea is associated with Saturday.

Selene
names:
Greek name: Selene (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
Roman name: Luna (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Selene: Greek Goddess of the moon.
Selene’s relations:
Considered by the Romans to be the same Goddess as the Roman Luna.
magickal information:
candle colors: silver and white
holy days
Monday: Selene is associated with Monday.

Themis
names:
Greek name: Themis (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Themis: Greek Goddess of justice.
Themis’ relations:
Mother of Astraea.
magickal information:
candle color: white
Thetis
names:
Greek name: Thetis (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Thetis: One of the Greek Nereids.
Thetis’ relations:
One of 50 daughters of Nereus and Oceanus, the Nereids, who were nymphs who lived in the Mediterranean Sea.
Wife of Peleus.
Mother of Achilles.
Thetis’ myths
Was romantically involved with Zeus, but then Zeus was told that Thetis’ son would become more powerful than his father, so Zeus married her off to Peleus, by whom she had Achilles.
Thetis’ attempted to make Her son Achilles immortal by dipping him in the river Styx. Because She held her son by his heel, that part remained vulnerable to death. Thetis’ told Achilles he hadthe choice between a long and uneventful life or a short and glorious life. He choose the short and glorious life. Achilles plays an important part in the Trojan War as related by Homer’s Iliad and in the last days of the siege of Troy is killed by an arrow wound in his heel.

Zeus
names:
Greek name: Zeus (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
Roman name: Jupiter (N.B. In addition to native variations by locality or over time, there are often several possible transliterations into the Roman alphabet used for English.)
basic information:
Zeus: Greek God of the sky, thunder, lightning, storms
Zeus’ relations:
Father of Apollo and Artemis by Leto.
Considered by the Greeks to be the same God as the Roman Jupiter.
magickal information:
candle colors: gold
Zeus’s myths
Europa and the white bull: Zeus saw Europa gathering flowers by the Mediterranean Sea and fell in love with her. Zeus appeared on the sea shore as a great white bull, gently walked over to Europa and knelt at her feet. Europa spread flowers on Zeus’ neck and climbed on his back. As soon as Europa was on his back, Zeus (still in the form of a great white bull) rushed into Mediterranean Sea, abducting Europa, and carried her to the island of Crete. Once on the shore of Crete, Zeus returned to man-like form and had sex with Europa under a cypress tree. Europa became the first queen of Crete and had three sons by Zeus, one of which was Minos. In remembrance of his love of Europa, Zeus placed the shape of the great white bull in the sky as the constellation Taurus.
holy days
Thursday: Zeus is associated with Thursday.

Views: 149

Replies to This Discussion

alot of them were associated with june and july? wonder why?
Thank you for the information. Selene is another strong pull to me.
about Apollo :
he is not the sun God, many people get confused with that.
The Greek sun God is Helios.
Appollo has a brigh part but also a dark part. His tutelar animals are raven and wolf.
He was considered as responsible for the epidemies. However, sine he controlled them, he was prayed during epidemic times, for it was him who could cure and put an end to the epidemic.
There is also a myth of Deph, where he killed the Python. For that, the Gods punished him : his priestess (Pythie) was to work with the earth oracle .


Apollo's twin sister is Artemis.

Artemis is just as ambivalent as Apollo :
she is a virgin Goddess, but she cares for delivreies and young children. She protects them, but she may also choose to take them with her (trough death). It is the same with animals : she protects them, but also hunts them.



Athena was born from Zeus' head (place of knowlege and intelligence) and she was born with her war equipement !
She is a Goddess of war, quests, but she rather uses diplomacy than weapons.
To please the athenians who were looking for their patron Deity, she gave them the olive tree.
The olive tree is not any tree. It is still nowdays one of the most precious ressource for the greeks, they call the olive oil their "yellow gold".
Olive oils live for centuries. Someone planting an olive oil will never see any loive from it : only his children and grandchildren will collect olives. So olive culture requers peace, otherwise the trees get burns or are own by the enemies.
Thus Athena was giving a guarantee of peace through the olive oil.
Athena's animal is the owl, which can see claerly in the night. It is a symbol of wisdom and lucidity.
Athena looks over young heros and may lend them her shield with the Medusa's head.



Dionysus is the God of all kind of intoxications, altered states of mind and maddness. He loves parties, he dresses as women, with make up...
He was born of the "tigh" of Zeus (that means that of anatomy which men are so proud of...).
He is clearly related to sexuality.




Aphrodite :


Actually I think we should make different subjects for each Deity, because there is much to say on each of them if you wish to really know them...
Yes, I agree! Thank you so much for your valued imput. Blessed Be, EcoWitch

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