Philonous has not received any gifts yet
There are two kinds of pleasures that differ in duration, stability, and intensity. They are what I would call euphoria and eudaemonia. The former is short lived, induces erratic behavior, and brings about very intense feelings of happiness; the latter is long lived, is conducive to reasonable behavior, but brings about a less intense feeling than euphoria. Euphoria is the dopamine rush of sex, drug use (particularly hard stimulants), eating rich food, or any other activity…Continue
Rationalism is bunk
Rationalism: a belief or theory that opinions and actions should be based on reason and knowledge rather than on religious belief or emotional response.
I should preface this by saying that no one arrives at conclusions, in ordinary life, through reason or primarily using reason. All reasoning is post hoc. It is always preceded by instinct, emotion, and habit; patterns of…Continue
'In the beginning there were two primal spirits
twins spontaneously active
these are the Good and the evil, in thought
and in word, and in deed.
Between these two, let the wise chose aright.…Continue
'I do desire to be untroubled and free of turmoil, but I also want to be a pious man, a lover of wisdom, a careful student, knowing my duties towards God, my parents, my siblings, my country, and towards strangers.'
- Epictetus, Discourses 2:17
We are accustomed to assuming that those without obligations are free and those who have obligations are burdened. This assumption arises from the false preconception that one's obligations are…Continue