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Rationalism is bunk
Rationalism: a belief or theory that opinions and actions should be based on reason and knowledge rather than on religious belief or emotional response.
I should preface this by saying that no one arrives at conclusions, in ordinary life, through reason or primarily using reason. All reasoning is post hoc. It is always preceded by instinct, emotion, and habit; patterns of…Continue
'In the beginning there were two primal spirits
twins spontaneously active
these are the Good and the evil, in thought
and in word, and in deed.
Between these two, let the wise chose aright.…Continue
'I do desire to be untroubled and free of turmoil, but I also want to be a pious man, a lover of wisdom, a careful student, knowing my duties towards God, my parents, my siblings, my country, and towards strangers.'
- Epictetus, Discourses 2:17
We are accustomed to assuming that those without obligations are free and those who have obligations are burdened. This assumption arises from the false preconception that one's obligations are…Continue
The Necessity of Being Guided by Principles
I finished the last entry, ‘Rational Hedonism Explained’, without fully explaining the last categorical distinction between hedonistic ethics and the hedonistic attitude. Of particular interest is an explanation for the necessity of being rooted in a discernible ethical principle rather than estimations of future costs and benefits (i.e.pains and pleasures) or reliance on good…Continue