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Celtic Gods and Goddesses



Celtic Gods & Goddesses

Branwyn - Goddess of love, sexuality and the sea
Bridget - Goddess of fertility, feminine creativity, martial arts and
healing
Cernunnos - The 'Horned God', God of Nature, Animals, Fertility and
the Underworld
Cerridwen - Moon Goddess, Goddess of Dark Prophecy and the Underworld
Coventina - Goddess of Rivers, Abundance, Inspiration and Prophecy
The Crone - One of the Triple Goddess Aspects, Goddess of Old Age,
Winter and the Waning Moon
Eostre - Goddess of Spring, Rebirth, Fertility and New Beginnings
Epona - Horse Goddess, Goddess of Prosperity, Healing, Nurturance and
Sustainence
Latis - Goddess of Water and Beer
Lugh - Sun God, God of War, Mastery, Magic and Good Harvest
Morrigan - Goddess of War, Revenge, Night, Magic and Prophecy. Queen
of Fairies and Witches
The Triple Goddess - The Maiden, Mother and Crone all at once. Moon,
Creator, Destroyer


British, Scottish, Irish, Welsh Gods & Goddesses
Amaethon (Welsh) - God of Agriculture, Master of Magic
Arawn (Welsh) - God of the Hunt and the Underworld
Arianrhod (Welsh) - Star and Sky Goddess, Goddess of Beauty, Full Moon
and Magical Spells
Badb (Irish) - Goddess of War, Death and Rebirth
Caillech (Scottish, Irish, Welsh) - Goddess of Weather, Earth, Sky,
Seasons, Moon and Sun
Cliodna (Irish, Scottish) - Goddess of Beauty and of Other Realms
Creide (Irish, Scottish) - Goddess of Women and Fairies
The Green Man (Welsh) - God of the Woodlands, of Life Energy and Fertility
Morgan LeFay (Welsh) - Goddess of Death, Fate, the Sea and of Curses
Oghma (Scottish, Irish) - God of Communication and Writing, and of Poets
Rhiannon (Welsh) - Goddess of Birds, Horses, Enchantments, Fertility
and the Underworld
Skatha (Welsh) - Goddess of the Underworld, Darkness, Magic, Prophecy
and Martial Arts
Other Celtic info

Irish Proverbs
- There is no use in carrying an umbrella if your shoes are leaking
- Take gifts with a sigh because most men give in order to be paid
- The older the fiddle, the sweeter the tune
- If you put a silk dress on a goat, he is a goat still
- A nod is as good as a wink to a blind horse
- If the knitter is weary, the baby will have no clothes
- The best way to keep loyalty in a man's heart is to keep money in
his purse

The Celts were a technologically advanced and barbarous people who
occupied vast areas of western and central Europe during the last half
of the first millenium b.c. Although the early Celts were composed of
a number of different races and tribes, and at the height of their
power they spread across wide tracts of Europe, they did have a
uniformity of religious idiom that enables historians to speak of a
Celtic religion. They were linked by common origins and language
(P-Celtic spoken in Gaul and Britain, and Q-Celtic spoken in Ireland),
common religious traditions, and a close similarity of laws.

The Celts were highly ritualistic and religious. Their elaborate
burials, under a mound, in a wooden chamber usually made of oak,
furnished with highly decorated weapons, food, drink, and personal
ornaments point to powerful beliefs about the nature of life after
death. The bodies of the wealthy dead were laid out, burnt or unburnt,
on four-wheeled wagons in the earliest of Celtic peoples, and later in
lighter, two wheeled wagons.

Celtic religion featured many female deities such as mother goddesses
and war goddesses. The Mother Goddess of the Celts was often conceived
as a warrior, fighting with weapons and instructing the hero in
superior secrets of warfare. Celtic deities were tribal by nature, and
each tribe or clan would have its own names for particular gods and
goddesses. This accounts for the great diversity of names in Celtic
mythology, there are over 300 different names recorded. The Celts also
believed that it was dangerous to name a sacred thing by its correct
name, the result being that sacred things are often referred to in a
roundabout way.

Our knowledge of the religion and mythologies of the Celtic people
comes from three different areas in Europe. From Gaul, which is modern
day France, Britain (most specifically Wales), and Ireland. Both Gaul
and Britain were influenced by Greco Roman tradition before the advent
of Christianity. The Celts themselves did not commit their traditions
to writings, regarding their laws, genealogies and spiritual
disciplines as sacred, required to be handed down orally. The Druids,
the high priests of the Celts, would spend twenty years learning the
traditions and oral lessons. The native lore of Wales and Ireland, the
oldest outside of classical sources, is a great repository of
pre-Christian myth and practices. Fragmentary texts transcribed during
the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries provide us with ancient legends
and heroic tales, influenced by the times of the scribes.
Archaeological evidence provides us with more clues. The Celts of
Ireland maintained their cultural integrity until close to 500 AD, and
it is there where the pagan Celtic mythology has been best preserved.

Animal symbolism found in Celtic myths include boars, birds, serpents,
fish, horse and cattle. Boars symbolise courage and strong warriors.
Power and strength is attached to the bristles of the boar, which was
held in high esteem by the Celts. There are many examples of
supernatural boars and their adventures in the literary traditions of
the Irish and the Welsh. The otherworld feast is supposed to be
sustained by magical pigs which, no matter how many times they are
cooked and eaten, are alive again the next day to be cooked again.

Fish, especially salmon are associated with knowledge and secrets.
Serpents and dragons are portents of trouble, strife and infertility.
Birds also may presage bad luck or bloodshed. Horse and cattle
represent fertility, as do many occurrences of animals in Celtic
legend. Foliate head images were central to Celtic cultures, also
symbolizing fertility. Horns were a powerful symbol of virility and
divine power. The Celts not only gave their gods horns, but enhanced
their chances of success in battle by wearing horned helmets. In
Celtic mythology powerful opponents may use the magic of shape
shifting into different animal forms during battle. The number three
was sacred to the Celts, and deities were sometimes portrayed in
groups of three, or as having three heads or faces. In mythological
tales, the deities or semi-divine heroes are described as being one of
three people of the same name, or as having been born three times in
succession.

Views: 236

Comment by RozeMaiden on May 7, 2010 at 9:03pm
This was a lot of good information. Thanks for sharing this!

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